EPO and Bicycling
A discussion of EPO and the future of doping in cycling.
has been banned by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI). As EPO is a natural body substance it is very hard to detect by conventional (direct) testing methods. Levels of synthetic EPO can be detected, but the half-life is so short, that r-EPO is out of the system within 6-12 hours. Other detection methods have been focused on abnormally high hematocrit levels. In <?xml:namespace prefix = st1 ns = "urn:schemas-microsoft-com:office:smarttags" /?>
What is next for cycling? Medical technology, in its wisdom to discover new methods to increase the oxygen carrying capacity for patients with chronic diseases, has given rise to several potentially new performance enhancers. Blood substitutes such as perfluorocarbon emulsions, stabilized hemoglobin, and recombinant hemoglobin can improve performance by increasing oxygen carrying capacity, without yielding false results in current blood tests. Other performance enhancers being used are steroids and growth hormone, which allow for greater lean muscle mass and a faster recovery from maximal effort. On the horizon, genetic engineering may profoundly alter the course of competitive sport by allowing scientists to inject genes directly into the athlete to enhance performance.
Please note that this article is intended to provide information regarding supplement use in recent news, to include previous